Somalia is undergoing a historic process of change, moving towards peace following decades of violent conflict. The Ministry of Constitutional Affairs (MoCA) along with the Speakers of the National Federal Parliament last Friday introduced to international partners in Nairobi a master plan for the review of Somalia’s Provisional Constitution (2012). Extensive consultations with regional administrations, the National Federal Parliament and civil society will lead to the drafting of a new Federal Constitution, which will set a framework for the national elections in 2020.
Supported by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and UNSOM in Somalia, the review and drafting process –involving all key role players in the Somali institutions and society– will take less than two years, according to the master plan.
‘’We will bring the voices of everybody into this discussion,’’ the Minister of Constitutional Affairs, H.E. Abdirahman Hosh Jibril, explained. ‘’There is a new sense of ownership and encouraging energy around the review process; we will hold a national convention to kick off this Constitutional review publicly in July,’’ he announced.
Hon. Mohamed Sh. Osman Jawari, Speaker of the House of the People provided his ‘’unconditional support’’ to the master plan for the Constitutional review, concluding that ‘’we must seize this momentum.’’
Consultative meeting in Mogadishu
The amendments to the Somali Constitution must address complex issues such as the allocation of powers and resources, the status of the capital, or the compliance with international treaties signed by the country, which will require numerous civic education and consultative meetings to bolster a consensus-driven approach.
A first Constitutional consultation with all regional administrations was held in Mogadishu from 14 to 16 May.